|Q:||What is Megan's Law?|
|A:||Megan's Law exists solely for the purpose of providing a means of protecting the public, especially our children, from victimization by sexual offenders. This is accomplished by tracking the whereabouts of convicted sexual offenders and providing notification to the public of the presence of a sexual offender in their community. Utilizing the combination of tracking and notification, law enforcement and private citizens are able to develop constructive plans, safety programs, and victimization prevention strategies to prepare for the presence of sexual offenders in their neighborhoods.|
|Q:||What statute is it?|
|A:||Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, Title 42, Chapter 97, Subchapter H. The statutory cite for Megan's Law is 42 Pa.C.S. § 9799.10 et seq.|
|Q:||What state agency is responsible for maintaining the registry?|
|A:||The Pennsylvania State Police is responsible for updating the information on every offender included within the website. Updates are posted on the website the date the change is made to the computerized registry.|
|Q:||How can I contact the Megan's Law Section?|
|Q:||How can I get information on registered persons living in my community?|
Members of the public may search the website for registered sexual offenders or
Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children who are homeless/transient,
live, work, or attend school in their community through this website. Per Law, members
of the public are only entitled to the information about registered persons that
appear on the website. Only information listed on the website can be provided to
Additional information on Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children residing in your community may be obtained by contacting the chief law enforcement officer in your community. In communities where the Pennsylvania State Police is the primary law enforcement agency, members of the public may contact the local Pennsylvania State Police station for information on Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children.
|Q:||What information is available on the website for registered sexual offenders and Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children?|
The following information is available on the website for both registered sexual
offenders and Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children:
|Q:||Why are some of the sexual offenders no longer on this website?|
There are several reasons why a sexual offender or a Sexually Violent Predator/Sexual
Violent Delinquent Child no longer appears on this website:
|Q:||What if I know a sexual offender is not complying with the registration requirements/law?|
It is recommended that you immediately contact your local law enforcement agency,
as well as the State Police Megan’s Law Section, 1-866-771-3170. Note: A person
commits a felony of the third degree and can be prosecuted if the person has reason
to believe that a sexual offender is not complying with or has not complied with
the requirements of the sexual offender’s probation or parole, or with their registration
requirements under Megan’s Law and intentionally assists the sexual offender in
eluding law enforcement seeking to find, question or arrest the sexual offender
for noncompliance with the requirements of the sexual offender’s probation or parole
or the requirements of Megan’s Law. This includes an individual who:
|Q:||Are sexual offenders and Sexually Violent Predators/Sexual Violent Delinquent Children allowed to live near a school, park, daycare center, etc?|
Pennsylvania’s Megan’s Law does not restrict where a sexual offender or Sexually
Violent Predator/Sexual Violent Delinquent Child may reside. However, an offender
may be restricted from residing near a school, park, daycare center, etc. under
one of the following circumstances:
|Q:||Are individuals allowed to leave a child unsupervised with a sexual offender, sexually violent predator, or sexually violent delinquent child?|
(Effective 12/31/2014) Pennsylvania’s Child Protective Services Law defines the term “child abuse” as intentionally, knowingly, or
recklessly…leaving a child unsupervised with an individual, other than the child’s parent, who the actor
knows or reasonably should have known:
In addition, if the sexual offender, sexually violent predator, or sexually violent delinquent child is under the supervision of a federal, state, or county department of probation or parole, there may be conditions of the individual’s probation or parole which partially or completely prohibit the individual from having contact with children.
|Q:||What do I do if I suspect an individual leaves a child unsupervised with a sexual offender, sexually violent predator, or sexually violent delinquent child?|
(Effective 12/31/2014) If the supervision of the child meets the criteria as defined in the above question,
an individual may contact the Pennsylvania Department of Human Services’ toll-free child abuse hotline at
1-800-932-0313 to report the abuse. The Pennsylvania Department of Human Services will then contact the appropriate
county Children and Youth Services agency, the appropriate law enforcement agency, or both, to initiate an investigation.
If there is an immediate concern for the child’s safety, an individual should immediately call 911 and report the incident to the police.
|Q:||What offenses require a person to register, what Tier is designated to the offense, and how long does an offender have to register?|
Tier I Sexual Offenses – 15 Year Registration
Offenders convicted of the following offenses shall be classified as a Tier I offender:
Tier II Sexual Offenses – 25 Year Registration
Offenders convicted of the following offenses shall be classified as a Tier II offender:
Tier III Sexual Offenses – Lifetime Registration
Offenders convicted of the following offenses shall be classified as a Tier III offender:
|Q:||Who is required to register?|
|A:||Individuals who have a residence within this Commonwealth or is a transient, or who are employed in this Commonwealth or who are a student in this Commonwealth that were convicted of one or more of the offenses enumerated as either a Tier I, Tier II, or a Tier III offense, may be subject to Megan’s Law registration. Certain out-of-state offenders are subject to the registration requirements of Megan's Law.|
|Q:||Who is a "sexual offender" under Megan's Law?|
|A:||A sexual offender is a person who has been convicted/adjudicated of one or more of the offenses enumerated under Tier classification. Please see Crimes Code link on the left navigation bar for additional information about the Megan's Law offenses.|
|Q:||Who is a "Sexually Violent Predator" under Megan's Law?|
A Sexually Violent Predator is a sexual offender who has been determined by the
Court, after evaluation by the Sexual Offenders Assessment Board (link on left navigation
bar), to have a mental abnormality or personality disorder that makes the person
likely to engage in predatory sexually violent offenses. The term includes an individual
determined to be a Sexually Violent Predator where the determination occurred in
the United States or one of its territories or possessions, another state, the District
of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, a foreign nation or by court martial.
Not all sexual offenders are determined to be Sexually Violent Predators. A Sexually Violent Predator is subject to both the registration and community notification requirements of Megan's Law.
A Sexually Violent Predator is required to register for Life.
|Q:||Who is a “Sexually Violent Delinquent Child” under Megan’s Law?|
A child who has been found to be delinquent for an act of sexual violence which
if committed by an adult would be a violation of 18 Pa.C.S. § 3121 (relating to
rape), 3123 (relating to involuntary deviate sexual intercourse), 3124.1 (relating
to sexual assault), 3125 (relating to aggravated indecent assault), 3126 (relating
to indecent assault) or 4302 (relating to incest)and who has been determined by
the Court to be in need of commitment for involuntary treatment.
A Sexually Violent Delinquent Child is required to register for Life.
|Q:||Are juveniles required to register?|
|A:||No. On December 29, 2014, In re: J.B., No.87 MAP 2014, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court struck down SORNA's Juvenile Offender registration requirements as unconstitutional. Juveniles are no longer required to register in Pennsylvania, except if they are classified by the Court as a Sexually Violent Delinquent Child. This decision also includes Juveniles who are to register in another jurisdiction or foreign country.|
|Q:||What is "registration information" under Megan's Law?|
All sexual offenders are required to register a change of or an addition to the
following information in-person at an approved Registration/Verification Site within
three business days of the change, addition or termination of:
|Q:||How long is the out-of-state offender required to be registered?|
|A:||An out-of-state offender is subject to a period of registration that corresponds to their assigned Tier classification. If the out-of-state offender’s conviction for a sexual offense is not enumerated under Tier classification, but nevertheless requires registration under a sexual offender statute in the jurisdiction or foreign country, the offender’s shall be a Tier I offender and register for the length of time required by the other jurisdiction.|
|Q:||When is a sexual offender required to initially register?|
|A:||Sexual offenders are required to register at the time of sentencing. For out-of-state offenders who are subject to registration, they must report to an approved Registration Site and register within three business days of establishing a residence, becoming homeless/transient, becoming employed/carrying on a vocation, and/or attending school in this Commonwealth.|
|Q:||When are registered sexual offenders required to report to a Registration / Verification Site?|
Individuals required to register as a sexual offender shall appear in-person at
an approved Registration/Verification Site according to their assigned Tier classification.
|Q:||Where does a sexual offender go to register or update their information?|
A list of all approved Registration/Verification sites in Pennsylvania is located
under the “Community Tools” menu at the top of the page.
|Q:||Does a natural disaster relieve a sexual offender from their responsibility to register?|
|A:||The occurrence of a natural disaster or other event requiring evacuation of residences shall not relieve an individual of the duty to register or any other duty imposed by this chapter.|
|Q:||What is "active community notification" under Megan's Law?|
|A:||Active community notification is the process by which the community's chief law enforcement officer notifies the community of the presence of a Sexually Violent Predator/Sexual Violent Delinquent Child. The chief law enforcement officer notifies the community using a community notification flyer.|
|Q:||Who is subject to active community notification?|
|A:||Only Sexually Violent Predators and Sexually Violent Delinquent Children are subject to the community notification requirements of Megan's Law.|
|Q:||What information is contained on the community notification flyers?|
The community notification flyers contain the following information about Sexually
Violent Predators or out-of-state offenders:
|Q:||To whom is community notification provided under Megan's Law?|
Notice of the Sexually Violent Predator's or a Sexually Violent Delinquent Child’s
presence in the community is provided to the neighbors of the Sexually Violent Predator
or out-of-state offender. Those persons who live or work within 250 feet of Sexually
Violent Predator's or a Sexually Violent Delinquent Child’s residence or the 25
most immediate residences and places of employment in proximity to the predator's
or offender's residence, whichever is greater.
In the case if a homeless/transient Sexually Violent Predator or homeless/transient Sexually Violent Delinquent Child, notice is given to those persons who live or work within 250 feet of the Sexually Violent Predator or Sexually Violent Delinquent Child's transient location or the 25 most immediate residences and places of employment in proximity to the Sexually Violent Predator or Sexually Violent Delinquent Child's transient location, whichever is greater.
Notice is also provided to:
|Q:||Is the victim of a sexual offender entitled to notification?|
Only the victim of an offense committed by a Sexually Violent Predator/Sexually
Violent Delinquent Child is entitled to written notice when the Sexually Violent
Predator/Sexually Violent Delinquent Child completes their initial registration
and when the Sexually Violent Predator/Sexually Violent Delinquent Child notifies
the Pennsylvania State Police of any change in residence or becomes homeless/transient.
The notice will contain the Sexually Violent Predator's/Sexually Violent Delinquent
Child's name and address or addresses where they reside. The victim is also entitled
to notice of the Sexually Violent Predator's/Sexually Violent Delinquent Child's
release from incarceration under the Pennsylvania Crime Victims Act, 18 P.S. § 11.101
The victim of an offense committed by a Tier I, tier II, or Tier III sexual offender is entitled to that notice afforded under the Pennsylvania Crime Victims Act, 18 P.S. § 11.101, et seq.
More information on the rights of crime victims is available by contacting Pennsylvania's Office of Victim Advocate at 1-800-563-6399 or visiting their website (http://www.ova.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/office_of_victim_advocate/5073/)
|Q:||Does Megan's Law apply to out-of-state offenders?|
|A:||Yes. Megan's Law applies to certain out-of-state sexual offenders and Sexually Violent Predators/Sexually Violent Delinquent Children who reside, are homeless/transient, work/carry on a vocation, or attend school in Pennsylvania.|
|Q:||What is the registration applicability for an out-of-state offender?|
The registration process shall occur for an out-of-state offender if one of the
following criteria are met:
|Q:||When must the out-of-state offender register?|
|A:||An out-of-state offender must report in-person to an approved Registration/Verification Site to register within three business days of establishing a residence, becoming homeless/transient, becoming employed or enrolling in school as a student in Pennsylvania.|
|Q:||How can I find out if a sexual offender is residing in my community?|
|A:||Information on all registered offenders who reside, are homeless/transient, work or attend school in Pennsylvania will be available on this website maintained by the Pennsylvania State Police, Megan's Law Section.|
|Q:||What if a registered sexual offender in Pennsylvania establishes a new residence, becomes homeless/transient, becomes employed or begins attending school in another jurisdiction?|
The registered sexual offender must report in-person to a Registration / Verification
site within three business days to report the new information to the Pennsylvania
State Police. The registered sexual offender must also register the new information
with sexual offender registry in the other state/jurisdiction.
The Pennsylvania State Police will then notify the state agency charged with maintaining the sexual offender registry in the state that the registered sexual offender now resides, is homeless/transient, works or attends school.
Effective November 14, 2014, an offender convicted before December 20, 2012 has the option of notifying the Pennsylvania State Police via mail, in lieu of an in-person appearance at an approved registration site, when they establish a new residence, becomes homeless/transient, becomes employed, or starts attending school in another jurisdiction. Such an offender must also register the new information with the sexual offender registry in the other state/jurisdiction. Be advised:
|Q:||How does the Pennsylvania State Police determine if registered offenders are reporting their change of addresses?|
For sexual offenders excluding homeless/transient sexual offenders, the Pennsylvania
State Police verifies the registrants' addresses through an address verification
process which occurs in accordance with their Tier reporting frequency and their
corresponding initial registration date. The sexual offender must appear in-person
at an approved Registration/Verification Site to complete a verification form and
to be photographed.
For homeless/transient sexual offenders, homeless/transient Sexually Violent Predators, or homeless/transient Sexually Violent Delinquent Children the Pennsylvania State Police verifies the registrant’s temporary habitat or other temporary place of abode or dwelling, including, but not limited to, a homeless shelter or park, where the individual is lodged. This is done through a verification process which is done monthly. The sexual offender must appear in-person at an approved Registration/Verification site monthly to complete a verification form and to be photographed. Once the transient offender establishes a permanent residence, the verification requirement reverts back to their original verification period.
|Q:||What happens if a sexual offender refuses to comply with Megan's Law?|
Pennsylvania provides criminal penalties for sexual offenders who refuse to comply
with Megan's Law.
|Q:||What happens if a sexual offender provides inaccurate information when they register or update/verify their information?|
Pennsylvania provides criminal penalties for sexual offenders who provide inaccurate
information when they register or update/verify their information.
|Q:||Where can I get information on protecting myself or my children?|
|A:||You may contact your local law enforcement office or your county children and youth agency. Additional links are provided on the left navigation bar.|
|Q:||Are there other methods for obtaining information on registered Pennsylvania sexual offenders offered by the Pennsylvania State Police?|
|A:||Yes, individuals can sign-up for electronic notification through this website wherein e-mail notification will be sent to the recipient notifying them when a sexual offender, Sexually Violent Predator or Sexually Violent Delinquent Child moves, into or out of, becomes employed or terminates employment, or attends school or terminates school, in a radius of up to five miles around a designated address.|
|Q:||How can I monitor / track a specific sexual offender?|
|A:||Prior to being able to monitor / track a specific offender, you must first have an account set up with this site. Please refer to the above instructions to sign-up for a new account. Once you have an account and are signed into it, you can begin to monitor / track a specific sexual offender by searching for the specific offender on this website. After locating the offender “click” on the icon that is labeled “track / monitor this offender.” The icon is located just to the right and below the offender’s photo on the physical description tab.|
|Q:||How do I sign-up for a new account?|
|A:||Click on “Community Tools”, “Email Notifications”. Click on “New User Sign Up” and complete the mandatory fields (indicated by a red asterisk *).|
|Q:||How do I log into the Electronic Notification System after my account has been activated?|
|A:||Insert your account e-mail address in the “E-mail Address” field in the Login section of the Electronic Notifications page. Type in your account password in the “Password” field and click the “Login” button. You will then be taken to your profile page.|
|Q:||What addresses can I choose for notifications?|
|A:||You may choose up to five addresses that you would like as long as they are in Pennsylvania. Your home, your child’s school or your local playground are just a few examples of locations you may want to monitor. Use the address or addresses that are most important to you.|
|Q:||How do I remove an address from my account?|
|A:||From the Home Page click on “Community Tools”, “Email Notifications” and Login to your account. To delete an address click on the “delete” link next to the appropriate address. A dialog box will appear, click on “OK” to confirm the deletion.|
|Q:||How will you notify me?|
|A:||Our service uses email as a primary notification mechanism. If you don't have an email address, we DO NOT send direct mail or text information at this time.|
|Q:||I moved, how do I change my address?|
|A:||You can log into your account using your username and password. From there you can modify your address by selecting “Edit”. Make any corrections to the address and select ‘Update”. Your changes will be saved.|
|Q:||What is the “Address Name”?|
|A:||The address Name is a label that you are giving to that specific address. For instance, you may use “home” for your home address and “school” for the address of your child's school.|
|Q:||How often do you update?|
|A:||We update our site daily and emails are sent out daily.|
|Q:||What is a "non-mappable" offender?|
|A:||A "non-mappable" offender means that "Google" cannot map the address sufficiently. We may not have a full address for the offender or our "Geocoder" does not recognize the address.|
|Q:||Why are the maps not showing my area?|
|A:||We currently get our maps from "Google Maps". They update every 6 months or so. We update when they do. So if you live on a new street or addition, they might not have you on their maps.|
|Q:||When will the Pennsylvania Electronic Notification System send me e-mail messages?|
The Notification System will immediately send you an account activation e-mail when
you open a new account. Once you have activated your account and entered all of
the addresses you wish to monitor, the system will send you emails when an offender
or sexually violent predator updates their Pennsylvania residence, employment, or
school information within the designated radius of the address you selected. In
the case of a homeless/transient sexual offender or homeless/transient sexually
violent predator, the system will send you emails when the offender updates their
Pennsylvania mailing address, employment, or school information within the designated
radius of the addresses you selected.
Note: the system will not notify you of all the registered offenders within your area, only those individuals who update their addresses within your area after the address has been inserted into the system. In addition, the system may not notify you if the offender’s address is not able to be mapped with the Google mapping service. To obtain a listing of all offenders around your addresses of interest please visit www.pameganslaw.state.pa.us .